Reweighted algorithms for sparse signal recovery

SCAIM Seminar
October 30, 2012 7:30 pm

Speaker:  Hassan Mansour, Department of Mathematics / Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, UBC

URL for Speaker:

Location:  ESB 4133

Intended Audience:  Public

Sparse signal recovery has been dominated by the basis pursuit denoise (BPDN) problem formulation for over a decade. In this paper, we propose an algorithm that outperforms BPDN in finding sparse solutions to underdetermined linear systems of equations at no additional computational cost. Our algorithm, called WSPGL1, is a modification of the spectral projected gradient for l1 minimization (SPGL1) algorithm in which the sequence of LASSO subproblems are replaced by a sequence of weighted LASSO subproblems with constant weights applied to a support estimate. The support estimate is derived from the data and is updated at every iteration. The algorithm also modifies the Pareto curve at every iteration to reflect the new weighted l1 minimization problem that is being solved. We demonstrate through extensive simulations that the sparse recovery performance of our algorithm is superior to that of l1 minimization and approaches the recovery performance of iterative re-weighted l1 (IRWL1) minimization of Candès, Wakin, and Boyd, although it does not match it in general. Moreover, our algorithm has the computational cost of a single BPDN problem.